USA

Curricular Practical Training (CPT):

This is an employment option available to International students where the practical training employment is considered to be an integral part of the curriculum or academic program. According to the immigration regulations, this employment may be an internship, cooperative education job, a practicum, or any other work experience that is either required for your degree (as defined in the course catalogue) or for which academic credit is awarded. Under this facility, international students can take part-time or full time paid employment. Such training and employment requires prior approval of the institution and may be subject to conditions and procedures stipulated by the institution.

Students can take on internship assignments for a period of up to one year or less. Students are however advised to keep the length to a maximum of 6 months so that they get back to studies in a reasonable time. Another reason is that if a student works on internship for the full one year, then such student will lose the privilege of post study optional practical training work opportunity described below, which is even more valuable and beneficial to the student.

Post-study

Optional Practical Training (OPT): This is temporary employment authorization that gives international students an opportunity to apply knowledge gained in the classroom to a practical work experience off campus. Student may work full time for a period of up to one year. Those students whose graduate programs are officially classified as Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM programs) may be allowed to work for a further 24 months (total of 36 months). These jobs will help students remain in status in USA, under their existing Student Visas (F1) as they continue to be considered students. They only need to get Employment Authorization from INS which they may be able to get normally.

OPT are great opportunities both for earning and gaining work experience. If students are able to make a mark and impress their employers, then the employers may sponsor them for H1B visa - a work permit, which will enable students to work initially for 3 years and get renewed permission for 3 more years.

Other countries: (conditions may apply)

Australia, Canada, UK and New Zealand

Students are allowed to stay post-studies for one or two years if students are above to find paid employment.

Later many talented students who can contribute to the technological, scientific and economic development may be able to get permanent residence.

Students are not offered jobs in college campus but may take paid employment anywhere outside the college subject to complying with prescribed regulations.

Europe

Many of the European countries allow international students to stay there after completing studies for a limited period to find post-study paid employment for applying what they learned in practical experience. After getting paid employment students are allowed to stay and work for a period of 1 to 3 years, as per varying regulations of different countries. Period and regulations vary from country to country. Many countries believe that it may be advantage to let talented students stay in their country, work and contribute to their economy, technology and science development. Consequently many talented students may be able to get permanent residence after a few years of work.

Most of these countries allow international students to stay, after completing studies, for a period of 1 or two years to find employment. Subsequent to getting post-study paid employment students are allowed work for 2 or three years, for applying the skills they learned in regular work. Period and regulations vary from country to country. Many countries believe that it may be advantage to let talented students stay in their country, work and contribute to their economy, technological and scientific development. Consequently many talented students may be able to get permanent residence after a few years of work.

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